Diamonds & Gems
Diamond clarity is one of the four Cs of diamond grading. Clarity refers to the existence and visual impact of inclusions and blemishes. Inclusions are internal flaws which can include other crystalline structures, part of smaller diamonds, cracks, and pieces of carbon. Blemishes are located on the surface of a diamond and can be the result of polishing. The number, location, and size of the inclusions and / or blemishes can affect the diamonds clarity grade.
A cut of diamond is largely dictated by the amount of flaws that the raw stone has, popularity of a certain shape, and the size of the raw stone. Flaws consist of inclusions and blemishes. Inclusions are located inside the stone and can vary depending on the location and the condition under which the diamond was formed. Blemishes are located in the surface and therefore are more evident. Depending on how apparent they are, both inclusions and blemishes can detract from the value of a diamond by decreasing the stone’s brilliance. However, it is important to note, that there are no flawless diamonds. Every diamond will have its own unique set of imperfections and challenges which will dictate the way it is cut.
A carat is a unit of mass used to measure gemstones and is equal to 200 milligrams. The term “carat” came from the word “carob”, a bean that was used to measure the weight of gemstones by ancient tradesman.
Diamonds occur in a variety of colors from jet black to colorless. Colored diamonds usually contain some form of impurities while others are completely colorless and highly prized. Some colored diamonds are considered valuable as well. Blue, pink, canary, and red are especially sought after.
Giving a diamond is the ultimate romantic gesture. However, with today’s large selection of styles, designs, clarity, color, and budget options it is easy to get overwhelmed by the process of shopping for the perfect bracelet, ring, pendant, or earrings.
Buying a certified diamond means that you are buying a stone with a full grading report or a dossier. A diamond dossier consists of the exact measurements of the diamond and the “4 C’s”: carat, color, cut, and clarity. A diamond certificate will precisely identify the individual characteristics of the stone and help with its identification.
Gemstone jewelry has always been in style. Some stones are more thought after than others, however, each and every one offers unique possibilities. Gemstones have been used in fine jewelry as well as fashion accessories for centuries. Pearls have been used as buttons, rubies, sapphires, and diamonds graced crowns of kings and queens as well as their regalia.
Adularescence: refers to the appearance of a floating light in cabochon gemstones such as moonstone.
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